These are the norms for space and buildings a technical institution offering degree or equivalent programme has to perform. Unit norms have been evolved taking the absolute minimum needs, which are indicated as norms. 

Around the administrative building, classrooms and drawing halls there is considerable movement of students and, therefore, there must be adequate veranda space in this part of the college building so that the classes do not get disturbed. For this reason, the ratio of plinth to carpet area for the normal building may be taken as 1.4, while that for Workshop type of space this ratio will be 1.25.

12.2 Classification of Building Area

The building area required for an engineering institution can be classified as instructional area, administrative area, amenities area and residential area. Instructional area will include classrooms, tutorial rooms, drawing halls, laboratories, workshops, computer center, library, instructional resource center, seminar hall etc. 
Administrative area comprises Principle’s room, visitors lounge, staff rooms, college office, departmental offices, stores, conference room, confidential room, etc. 
Area for amenities consists of common rooms, recreation center, hobby center, offices for Gymkhana, N.C.C., N.S.S. and Alumni Association, Co-operative Stores, Dispensary, etc. 
Residential area includes student and staff hostels, staff quarters and guesthouse. 
12.3 Building Space for Instructional Area
 The course structure of any technical institution degree program will include lectures, tutorials, drawing and design work, laboratory work and seminars/colloquium. The college must have adequate building areas for all these instructional activities.

According to the model curriculum, during different semesters, the total number of hours per week for which the student is to have contact with the teacher will vary between 27 to 34. In view of this, for the instructional schedule, if spread over a period of 34 hours a week, the college can work for six hours from Monday to Friday and for four hours on Saturdays. (* In technical institution the period is envisaged to be of one hour’s duration.) 
The student strength in a theory class should not exceed 60. The class be divided into smaller group of 20 in case of junior (I, II, III & IV semester) classes and 15 students for the senior (V, VI, VII & VIII semester) and a teacher is assigned to each group. In case of tutorial work, these smaller groups must be accommodated in separate rooms. 
For drawing and design assignments, the class can have a maximum size of 60 students but one teacher must be assigned to each group of 15 to 20 students for the junior/senior classes as in the case of tutorial and practical classes. 
The seminars/colloquium of the senior students must be conducted with the entire class of a particular discipline.

The model curriculum lays considerable stress on undergraduate project work. It provides 2-3 hours in the seventh semester for project work and 12-16 hours in the eighth semester. Though the students are to work on the assigned project work consulting the teacher-supervisor whenever required.

In the case of workshop practice classes for junior students, which emphasise the skills component of the training, the classes will have to be divided into smaller groups and work assigned in different shops. Considering the specific nature of training, the workshop practice classes of Junior students can have a maximum batch strength of 20 students. However, senior class ( i.e. V, VI, VII & VIII semester) must have a batch strength of 15 students as in the case of any other laboratory.

12.3.1 Number of Rooms for Theory Classes
 The number of rooms required for the theory class can be determined by applying the following relationship.
NL = Number of rooms required for the lecture classes 
TL = Total number of students in the College belonging to all classes of all disciplines attending theory classes of the given strength SL. This number depends on the admissions to different disciplines

 Class strength i.e. the number of students in the class.
A = A factor obtained on the basis of

i. lecture hours per week per class, say 15
ii. Average teaching hours per week say 30
iii. utilisation factor of lecture rooms, say 0.66

A = (15)/(30*0.66)=0.75

12.3.2 Number of Rooms for Tutorial work

The number of rooms required for the tutorial work can be determined by applying the following relationship.

NT = Number of rooms required for conducting tutorial classes.
ST = Class strength for tutorial. Tutorial must have a strength of 20 in case of 1st and 2nd year classes, whereas in the case of senior classes it should be limited to 15. Hence an average value of 17.5 can be assumed.

TL = Total Number of students in the College belonging to all classes of all discipline who attend tutorial classes in groups of 15 to 20.B = A factor obtained on the basis of

i.Average number of tutorial hours per week per class, say 7.0
ii. Teaching hours per week, say 30.
iii. Utilisation factor say 0.66.
B = (7.0)/(30*0.66)=1/3.0

12.3.3 Number of Drawing Halls

One drawing hall of 175 sqm. is needed up to the intake of 240 students in first year. If the intake exceeds 240 students per year, then two such halls be provided. It has been worked on the basis of teaching load common for all branches. Teaching load for Drawing of other than first year students is to be adjusted in tutorial rooms. The Computer graphic laboratories is to be provided separately in computer Centre for Engineering & Technology students.
12.3.4 Rooms Size for Theory Classes, Tutorial Work and Drawing Halls

The carpet area requirement of the class rooms and tutorial rooms depends upon the number and type of seating arrangement for the students and provisions for a platform, a table and a chair for the teacher. In an Engineering & Technology class, very frequently students make use of a data book, a calculator and note book. As such he will require slightly more spacious desk as compared to the requirements of classes for students of general education. Further, as the space required for the teacher will remain the same irrespective of the class strength, the per student requirement of carpet area will increase with the decrease in class strength. 
The drawing hall will have to be provided with drawing tables and stools for the students. The drawing tables must be arranged with passages so that the teacher can approach the drawing table of each student. The drawing halls will also be provided with a platform for the teacher. 
Considering the above requirements and the sizes of class room furniture and drawing tables normally used in the institution, the following carpet area norms per student are prescribed for class rooms of different sizes and drawing halls. 
Type of Rooms Carpet Area Requirementin Sqm / student
Classification of size Minimum Desirable 
Class rooms for 15-20 students 1.3 1.5
Class rooms for 30-40 students 1.2 1.4
Class rooms for 60 students 1.1 1.3
Drawing / examination halls for 60 students 2.5 2.5

12.3.5 Laboratories

The requirements of the laboratories depend upon the programmes that are being offered by the institution and the curricula adopted for these programmes irrespective of the students population. The norms for the carpet area of the different laboratories are given in the Table below. Care should be taken to provide laboratories in all allied subjects to be taught in a program. For example, if a college is running a degree program in computer engineering only, then laboratories from group E and H both will have to be provided. 
S.No. Laboratory Batch Size Norms for Carpet Area (sq.m.)

A. Core Courses

1. Physics 20 200
2. Chemistry 20 175
3. Mechanics and Kinematics 20 100
4. Materials Testing Strength of Material 20 200
*5. Electrical Science i. Electronics ii. Elect. Engg. 20 200
6. Computer Centre 200 300

B. Civil Engineering Courses

1. Structural Engg. 15 250
2. Fluid Mechanics 15 300
3. Engineering Geology 15 100
4. Geo-technical Engg. 15 200
5. Transportation Engg. 15 100
6. Environmental Engg. 15 100
7. Surveying Stores 100

C. Electrical Engineering Courses

1. Electrical Machines (Electro mechanics) 20 350
2. Power system Protection 20 150
3. Measurement & Inst. 20 150
4. Drives & Power Electronics 20 150
5. Control Systems 20 100
6. Microprocessor 20 100
7. Applied Electronics/Project 20 100

D. Mechanical Engineering Courses

1. Thermal Science
 i. Stream
ii. I.C.
iii. Refrig.
iv. Heat Transfer 20 500

2. Fluid Machines 20 200
3. Measurements 20 100
4. Dynamics of Machines 20 100
5. Metrology 20 100
6. Machine Tools 20 100

E.  Electronics and Communications Engg. Courses

1. Electronic Circuit 15 75
2. Switching and Digital Circuit 15 75
3. Control System 15 75
4. Microwave Devices 15 75
5. Communication System 15 75

F. Chemical Engineering Courses

1. Unit operations I Fluid/Particle Mechanics 15 100
2. Unit Operations IIHeat & Mass Transfer 15 100
3. Energy Engineering 15 50
4. Reaction Engineering and Process Dynamics and control 15 100

G. Metallurgical Engineering Courses

1. Metallography 15 50
2. Mineral Dressing 15 50
3. Extractive Metallurgy 15 50
4. Metal Forming 15 75
5. Heat Treatment 15 100
6. Corrosion 15 50

H. Computer Engineering Courses

1. Computer Software 15 50
2. Computer Hardware & Microprocessor 15 75
3. Computer Graphics 15 50
4. Computer Design 15 50

I. Production/Manufacturing Engineering

1. CAD/CAM system 15 75
2. Robotics and Automation 15 50
3. Non-Traditional Machine 15 50
4. Production Management 15 50

* This lab is not necessary if the Electrical Engineering Degree program is also running.

The above areas do not include the rooms of the teaching staff even though such staff rooms are attached to the laboratories. However, they do include the sitting space for the technical supporting staff and storage of laboratory consumables and instruments.

12.3.6 Workshops

The workshop of an engineering college, must have the following shops :
Carpentry including Pattern Shop
Fitting Shop 
Smithy Shop
Welding Shop
Painting and Sheet metal shop
Foundry shop
Machine shop

Accordingly to the model syllabi, two courses on workshop practice are to be offered to all branches in engineering during the 1st and 2nd semesters. During the first semester each student has to complete about 10 to 12 exercise in Carpentry, Fitting and Smithy shops and the total batch periods of engagement will be 45. In the 2nd semester students all branches have to complete 10 to 12 exercises in welding, painting, sheet-metal. Foundry and Machine shops and for this course also the batch period of engagement will be 45. In addition, students of Mechanical Engineering program are required to undertake in 5th and 6th semesters courses on Production Processes I and II which are practical components to be carried out in the workshops. For each of these courses the batch period engagement of the workshop will be 12.

To accommodate the equipment and infrastructural facilities, to organize the above mentioned course work to provide facilities for student projects and maintenance of equipment, the workshop of the engineering colleges must have a minimum carpet area of 900 Sqm. Since an industrial shed is more suitable for a workshop, the plinth area will be 1.25 times the carpet area. Thus, the norms for the plinth area of the workshop will be 1125. sq.m.

12.3.7 Teaching Aids

Every class room should be provided by an Over Head Projector (OHP). In addition, VCR, TV and Video Cassettes of various educational programmes should also be available.

12.3.8 Other Space in the Department

In addition to the teaching space, the norms for building requirement in a teaching department for other purposes are as below:
Carpet Area(Sq.m.)
Head of Department 20
Departmental Office 25
Faculty norms 10 per teacher
Library (Departmental) 30
Seminar Room 30
Store 10
Drawing/Reprographic facilities 20

12.3.9 Central Library

The central library for an admission of 240 students per year will have a carpet area of 400 Sqm.

At the time of establishing a technical institution with three branches, there should be a minimum of 4000 volumes in the Library distributed as below:

i. Each branch will have 250 titles with four multiple copies.
ii. In subjects like Mathematics, Humanities, Physics, Chemistry, etc. there should be total of 1000 volumes.

There should be a minimum of 12 technical journals – 6 Indian and 6 International for each branch of engineering. While this is essential for institutions offering P.G. programme, the number of International Journals may be relaxed, though preferred for those offering only U.G. Programmes.
Accordingly, the norms for the initial stock of books, yearly addition of books and the number of journals to be subscribed are as given below:

1. Initial Stock of Books for three branches in Institution – 4000

a. Each Branch of Engg. (A)  –  1000
b. Mathematics, Applied Physics Applied Chemistry, Humanities, Social Science and Management Science (B) – 1000
3. Yearly addition of Books (Average)
a. For (A) 1 title per student admitted to the branch
b. For (B) 0.2 title per student admitted per year

4. Number of Tech. Journals 
a. For (A) 12 (6 National + 6 International)
b. For (B) 12 (6 National + 6 International) 
 12.4 Building Space for Administrative Offices

The Space to be provided for administrative office in technical institution/college will be as per norms given below :
Carpet area (Sq.m) 
Principal’s office 30 
Store Room 20 
Conference Room 100 
Reception Office 25 
Main Office 300 (for intake of 240 per year)
Administrative office 20 
Maintenance & Estate Office 40
12.5 Building Space for Amenities

Some of the developed institutions in the country provide several amenities for students and staff. However, the minimum unavoidable requirements for such amenities for normal functioning of the Institute are given below alongwith the norms for the Building space.

12.5.1 Student’s Activity Centre

This will consist of provisions for the indoor games, gymnasium, dramatics and alumni center etc. The norms for building are 0.25 sq.m per student
12.5.2 Open Air Theatre

The college building and the hostels will be provided with adequate number of toilet blocks with urinals, lavatories and washbasins. It will also be necessary to provide separately one toilet block for women in the college building.
12.5.3 Toilet Blocks

The college building and the hostels will be provided with adequate number of toilet blocks with urinals, lavatories and washbasins. It will also be necessary to provide separately one toilet block for women in the college building. 
Education Building Hostel 
10 Sq.m for each 100 student population 75 sq.m. for each unit of 120 student 
12.5.4 Cycle and Scooter Stand

This will be provided as open or covered area at the rate of 15 percent of the plinth area of the college building.
12.5.5 Play Fields

The institution must be provided with play fields so that the students can have adequate participation in games and sports for healthy and constructive activities within the campus. The facilities anticipated are athletics-track, cricket field, a football field a hockey field, a volleyball court, a basket ball court, four badminton courts and a tennis court. The norms for the above space will be a total of 25,000 sq.m.
12.5.6 Other Amenities

The norms of space (Carpet area in Sq.m.) or other miscellaneous amenities are as given below :

Canteen  100
Cooperative Stores 100
NCC Office cum Stores 100

12.6 Building Space for Residential Area

The hostel requirements depend on the variety of factors like the location of the institution, the region from which students are admitted, local availability of accommodation and that of transport. Though, the requirement for residences for teachers and other employees of the institution also depend upon these factors but at the same time it is necessary to provide an attraction to the new teachers from far of places by providing suitable accommodation at the campus.

12.6.1 Hostels

Location of College  Hostel Strength Within 20 km. of a large city 25% of boys and 50% of girls enrollment
Other locations 50% of boys and 100% of girls enrollment 
The boy’s hostel will be made as a unit for 120 students while there is not minimum for a girls-hostel unit. The first year students will be accommodated in triple seated rooms while others will be given single seated rooms. 
The norms for the room areas will be as below :
Carpet Area (Sq.m.)
Single room 9
Triple seated room 20

The other building space needed in a hostel unit will be as per norm given below :

Carpet Area (Sq.m.)
Kitchen and Dining Hall   200 sqm
Indoor games cum Common hall   150 sqm
Medical room 50 sm(for all hostels)
Canteen  15sqm
Warden Office  18*sm
Guest Room (2 nos.) 18* sqm

(* Four addition rooms of 9 sq.m. each within the hostel blocks)

12.6.2 Staff Residences

The minimum residential accommodation that should exist in the campus should be for the Principal, all Heads of Departments, all Warden and the essential staff including a Caretaker, an electrician, a driver, a water supply operator and chowkidars.
The building space for residences will be as per norms given below : 

Principal  140 Sq.m.
Professor 100 Sq.m.
Asst. Professor/Lecturer  80 Sq.m.
Class III staff 30 Sq.m.
Class IV staff  20 Sq.m.

12.6.3 Teachers Hostel
It will be desirable to have a hostel type accommodation for 25% strength of the teachers with the norms of 30 sqm. carpet area per teacher inclusive of an attached toiled room.
12.6.4 Guest Houses

To meet the needs of the guests visiting the institution for official work and the parents visiting the students it will be necessary to have a guest house.
12.7 Furniture

All laboratories, library, workshops, lecture and tutorial rooms offices hostels and Guest house etc. should be adequately furnished. No norms for the furniture are begin laid, however it is expected that the furniture should conform to the requirement of a dignified institution, The Institution may equip the buildings with the furniture as available indigenously. 
12.8 Land

It will not be desirable to set the norms for the land requirements for an engineering college because of existing high pressure on land availability and other similar factors. If enough land is not available near a large town, the double and triple storey construction may have to be resorted to. However, it will be desirable to have the total land area so as all requirements of the building space are fully met as envisaged in these norms. 
In addition, it will be necessary to have additional land available within the campus for future expansion, with a norm of about 3 times the constructed area. 
Keeping all these points in view it is expected that a new engineering institution located in non-metro location will have a land of about 20 acres at its disposal before starting.


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