“Let us guide our students from materials, through function to creative work. We must understand the motives and forces of our time
and analyze their structure from three points of view:
the material, the functional, and the spiritual.”
“Form is not the aim of our work, only the result.”
“God is in the details. Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space, thoughts in action.
- MIES van der ROHE
“Less is more” - van der Rohe
Ludwig Mies was born in Aachen, Nordhein Westfalen ,Germany, on March 27 1886.
Worked under Peter Behrens, succeeded Gropius as Bauhaus Director.
Migrated to US and taught architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology.
Designed Skyscrapers Of Steel And Glass which became models of skyscraper design throughout the world.
Character Of Works:
Simple rectangular forms, open, flexible plans and multi-functional spaces.
Use of glass to bring the outside in.
Mastered steel and glass construction, exposed and refined structural details.
House of Alois Riehl 1906.
1907-11 work at the offices of famed German architect Peter Behrens.
1912 to start his own office. He immediately received work and designed a series of home in the style of architect Karl Schinkel.
German Pavilion , Barcelona 1929.
One of his greatest designs came the following year in the German Pavilion in Barcelona in 1929.
Mies united sophisticated materials with a fluid open plan, which together endowed the space with an unprecedented modern elegance.
The architecture's mass is balanced by a pond (featuring a sculpture by Georg Kolb) and a shallow pool on either end.
The Pavilion was innovative in that the design called for the roof to be supported by chrome columns
which meant that the walls could be freely positioned since they did not support the structure.
Tugendhat house, Brno , Czechoslovakia 1930
The design was once again revolutionary and combined the seamless flow from outdoors to indoors.
Mies dealt with the extreme slope by dividing the front and back of the house into public and private facades.
The home's decor boasted several of Mies finest pieces of original furniture, including the Brno chair, the Tugendhat chair, and the X coffe.
Facing the street, the building is only one story, but it's two stories on the garden side.
llIinois Institute of Technology Master Plan,
Chicago , 1939 - 1958
Mies was the prime architect for the campus of llIinois Institute.
In the realized plan, clusters of buildings placed on a grade create a series of informal open spaces
through a playful shifting of solid (i.e. buildings) and void (i.e. green space). A 24-foot square grid invisibly overlays the campus to guide its order.
At the Illinois Institute of Technology exposed, expressed steel frame, roof suspended from spanning I-beams.
Farnsworth House, River Rd Plano, US , 1946 - 1951.
In 1944 Mies van der Rohe became a U.S. citizen.
In 1946 he began work on the Farnsworth House a weekend retreat for doctor Edith Farnsworth.
It’s one of the most minimalist houses ever designed being composed of a transparent box framed by eight
exterior steel columns with a single room subdivided by partitions and completely enclosed in glass.
It—two parallel planes held in suspension between the earth and sky by only eight steel
columns—seems simple, but Mies worked through 167 drawings to come to his final, fearless design.
Lake Shore Drive Apartments Illinois, 1948-51
Finally design would merge with construction. His first project being the Lakeshore Apartment Buildings in Chicago.
The scheme consists of two identical 26-story towers placed 46 feet apart with their long axes set perpendicular to each other.
While each building alone is symmetrical, comprised of 21’ square bays (5 across, 3 deep) with a total of 288 apartments.
Once again he created with form and function . The first floor of the building rested on plithes giving the building integration with the outdoors.
Seagram Building,375 Park Ave,NY, United States 1958
This 39-story, 516-foot tall office building was commissioned by Joseph E. Seagram & Sons Corporation.
The floor of the Seagram's, as in the Lake Shore Drive, a rectangle of 5x3 squares structural modules.
But the elevation of the building achieves its expressive perfection, simulating a column with its three constituent parts classic.
His typology shows clearly the structure in front, meeting both an ornamental role,
consisting of steel beams and columns of bronze, that without a structural role fits perfectly the large
windows that are the most visible epidermis of the work.