Brutalism

Brutalist Architecture

Brutalist architecture is a style of architecture which flourished from the 1950s to the mid 1970s, spawned from the modernist architectural movement.

Boston City Hall, part of Government Center, Boston, Massachusetts (Gerhardt Kallmann and N. Michael McKinnell, 1969). The structure illustrates typical (but not necessary) Brutalist characteristics such as top-heavy massing, the use of slender base supports, and the sculptural use of raw concrete.

Brutalist Architecture

The architectural style known as Brutalism or The New Brutalism is more related to the theoretical reform of the CIAM than to "béton brut“ raw, unfinished concrete.

Trellick Tower, London, 1966-1972, designed by Erno Goldfinger.

Brutalism Characteristics

Strong bold shapes composed.
Reinforced concrete structures expressed.

Largeness of scale, strong, muscular character.
Off form concrete construction.

Large areas of blank wall.
Brick work and stone.

Diagonal, sloping or strong curved elements contrasting with horizontal and vertical members.

The Interior of the Phillips Exeter Academy Library, 1965-1971, by Louis Kahn.

Brutalism Examples

The building of the National bank of Macedonia.

Brutalism Examples

Many stations of the Washington Metro system display Brutalist characteristics.

The Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (National Assembly Building of Bangladesh), 1961-1981, by Louis Kahn.

Brutalism Examples

The Roger Stevens Building at the University of Leeds is the centre piece to a large complex of Brutalist buildings connected by skyways.

University of Toronto's Robarts Library in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.