Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Considered best architect of last 125 years.
  • Known for ‘Prairie Style’ architecture, characterized by asymmetrical plans and low, wide overhanging eaves.
  • American Architect Worked under Louis Sullivan.
  • Influenced by the British Arts and Crafts Movement.
  • Influenced European modern architects created the philosophy of ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE, which maintains that the building must develop out of its surroundings.
  • Use of natural materials like bricks, stone and wood,textured concrete
  • Do not try to teach design. Teach Principles.

Kauffman House – Falling Water, Pennsylvania

Kauffman House – Falling Water, Pennsylvania
  • Organic Architecture is a term Frank Lloyd Wright
  • used to describe his approach to architectural design.
  • Organic architecture is an architecture from within outward, in which entity is an ideal… organic means intrinsic – in the philosophic sense,
    entity – wherever the whole is to the part as the part is to whole and where the nature of materials the nature of purpose, the nature of entire performance ,
    becomes clear as a necessity.
  • Wright argued that “form and function are one.”

Falling Water, Bear Run, PA 1935-37 AD

Falling Water, Bear Run, PA 1935-37 AD
  • Organic architecture strives to integrate space into a unified whole.
  • Frank Lloyd Wright was not concerned with architectural style, because he believed that every building should grow naturally from its environment.
  • Planes differentiated and accentuated by changes in colour, texture and material – highlights scale.
  • Vertical Elements constructed in native stone gives a sculptural quality though at the same still highlighting the horizontal.
  • The philosophy grew from the ideas of
    Frank Lloyd Wright’s mentor, Louis Sullivan,
    who believed that “form follows function.”
Falling Water, Bear Run, PA 1935-37 AD
  • Wright described it as the principle of repose where forest, stream, rock and all elements of structure are combined quietly.
  • Features : Clustered organization around central core.
  • Cantilevers extend living areas with the surrounding landscape.
  • Concrete slabs exaggerate horizontal floor and roof planescantilever from a central core.
  • Pfeiffer quotes Wright as “I had an idea that the horizontal planes in buildings belong to the ground”.

Falling Water Interior

Falling Water Interior
  • Characterized by – Strong visual accent.
  • Hearth symbolic – comfort
  • Detail draws eye to ceiling – emphasize the horizontal and change in form.
  • Continuation of material in interior harmonises both inside and out.
  • Attempt to blur the distinction between the inside and exterior.
  • Simple interior encourages the incorporation ot hte outdoors as part of the overall design.
  • Repetition of form in furniture continues to accentuate the horizontal.
  • Open space emhasizes the scale of room.

Robie House, Chicago, IL 1906-09 AD

Robie House, Chicago, IL 1906-09 AD
  • FLW spatial geometry reflects his structure invention ; lighting reinforce space , furnishing reiterated his linear schemes , construction materials and his every ornamental detail is integrated with larger concerns.
Robie House, Chicago, IL 1906-09 AD
  • Even though the horizontal plane is the dominant characteristic of Wright’s designs there is still a complex arrangement of space as demonstrated by the 3-dimensional quality of the facade.

Robie House Interior

Robie House Interior , Chicago, IL 1906-09 AD
  • Materials repeated on inside creates texture- Harmonious use of materials.
  • Ceiling , wall and floor planes all emphasize the horizontal.
  • Vertical panes in contrast to the horizontal effect created by repetition of windows.

Prairie School

Prairie School
  • Broad, gently sloping roofs with low chimneys, balconies and terraces extending in several directions.
  • Emphasis on natural materials-woods stone.
  • Leaded windows patterned with colored glass.
  • Bands of casement windows.
  • Wood strips to emphasize structural elements horizontal lines.
  • windows grouped in horizontal bands, integration with the landscape.
  • solid construction & indigenous materials.
  • Horizontal lines were thought to evoke and relate to the native prairie landscape.

Winslow House,Oak Park, IL 1893 AD

Winslow House,Oak Park, IL 1893 AD
  • The Winslow House, combined Sullivanesque ornamentation with the emphasis on simple geometry and horizontal lines that is typical in Wright houses.

Slideshow Presentation

Forum Threads

Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Guggenheim Museum,NYC 1948 AD
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Johnson Wax Administration Building, WI.
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Taliesin East, Spring Green, WI 1911 AD
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Unity Temple, Oak Park, IL 1906 ADs
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Ward Willet House,Highland Park, IL , 1893
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Winslow House,Oak Park, IL 1893 ADv
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Prairie Schools
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Robie House, Chicago, IL 1906-09 AD
Frank Lloyd Wright (FLW) – Falling Water, Bear Run, PA 1935-37 AD

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