Walter Gropius

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969)

  • “To build is to create events.”
  • “Architects, sculptors, painters, we must all return to the crafts! For art is not a ‘profession.’ There is no essential difference between the artist and the craftsman. The artist is the exalted craftsman.”
  • “ The final goal of all artistic activity is architecture.”

He was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architect.


  • Simple geometry, often rectangular
  • Use of modern materials like steel and glass
  • Smooth surfaces
  • Primary colors
  • Linear and horizontal elements

The BAUHAUS BUILDING, Dessau, Germany, 1926

Bauhaus Designed by Walter Gropius
  • School of architecture and design, Germany, 1919 – 1933
  • All art forms should be designed as a unit
  • Technology embraced
  • Economy in the use of space, materials, time, and money
  • Avoid Romantic embellishments

GROPIUS RESIDENCE, Massachusetts, 1937

Gropius Residence Designed by Walter Gropius
Gropius Residence
Gropius Residence Designed by Walter Gropius
Gropius Residence

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Walter Gropius Works – Fagus Factory, Alfeld, Lower Saxony, Germany
Walter Gropius Works – Gropius Residence, Massachusetts, 1937

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