Purism. A movement in French painting advocating an art of clarity and objectivity in tune with the machine age. Purism founders were Amedée Ozenfant and Le Corbusier, who met in Paris in 1918, and it flourished from then until 1925.  Both protagonists seemed to realize that it represented something of a dead end pictorially and moved on to much looser styles. […]

Interdependence in Architecture

Interdependence of form , function , space and structure (materialization) Structural Requirements,Structure Types, Post and Beam Structures, Arches and Vaulted Halls,Domes, Portal Frames,Trusses,Space Frames,Folded Roofs,Shells, Tensile Structures, Design Strategies,Selection Of The Generic Type Of Structure, Selection Of Structural Material.


Principles of Architecture

Proportion and scale are closely interrelated. Scale alludes to the size of something compared to a reference standard or to the size of something else. Proportion refers to the proper or harmonious relation of one part to another or to the whole. A proportioning system establishes a consistent set of visual relationships between the parts of a building, as well […]

Circulation Elements

The Building Approach The distance view  The Building Entrance From outside to inside  Configuration of Path The sequence of space  Path & Space Relationship Edges , nodes and termination of path  Form Of The Circulation Space Corridor , Balconies , Galleries , Stairs , Rooms The Building Approach  Taken form Architecture, form, space & order by D. K. Ching Frontal […]


The literary theory of Deconstruction holds that there is no fixed accessible truth, only chaos and multiple interpretations. The architecture spin-off simulates an appearance of chaos with dizzy, diverse perspectives. Vertigo and confusion are the desired responses. Decon reflects a work out of whack. Its fragmented discontinuous forms represented the uncertainty of contemporary life after the […]

Charles Moore : Piazza d’Italia,(1975-1978) ,New Orleans

Post-modernism Architecture

Post Modernism architecture Modernist architecture –when the cube was king-didn‘t age well. As time passed, grime streaked flat, concrete walls, like wrinkles carved into a smooth face. Glass-paned skyscrapers lost their shine. Stripped of ornament, abstract forms that once seemed ultramodern appeared just plain blank by the 1970s. In scaling up from the margins to […]

Expressionist architecture : TWA Terminal at JFK International Airport


Expressionist architecture was an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts.  Today the meaning has to refer to architecture of any date or location that exhibits some of the qualities of the original movement such as; distortion, fragmentation or […]


Brutalist architecture is a style of architecture which flourished from the 1950s to the mid 1970s, spawned from the modernist architectural movement.  Boston City Hall, part of Government Center, Boston, Massachusetts (Gerhardt Kallmann and N. Michael McKinnell, 1969). The structure illustrates typical (but not necessary) Brutalist characteristics such as top-heavy massing, the use of slender […]

Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier

1887-1965, Swiss architect , Urban planner , Painter, Writer, Designer, Theorist, Active mostly in France.  “For the first time perhaps, the pressing problems of architecture, were solved in a modern spirit. Economy, sociology, aesthetics: a new solution using new methods.”  “Through the channel of my painting I arrived at my architecture.”  Le Corbusier Le Corbusier’s […]